Punjab has also more than 68 thousand industrial units. Among the Punjabi poets, the names of , , , and and folk singers like and Tufail Niazi, , Sain Marna, Mansoor Malangi, Allah Ditta Lonawala, Talib Hussain Dard, , Gamoo Tahliwala, Mamzoo Gha-lla, Akbar Jat, Arif Lohar, Ahmad Nawaz Cheena and Hamid Ali Bela are well-known. They are also called Gurjara-Pratihara. We recommend for faster browsing! It was here that some of the earliest signs of humans have been discovered during the excavations of prehistoric mounds. The Durranis under wrested control of Punjab only to lose it to the Sikhs after a successful rebellion which allowed Sikh armies to claim Lahore in 1759.
It was ruled by the Umayyad dynasty, whose name derives from , the great-grandfather of the first Umayyad caliph. In 2003, the province manufactured 90% of the paper and paper boards, 71% of the fertilizers, 69% of the sugar and 40% of the cement of Pakistan. Buddhism flourished under the Indo-Greek kings, and their rule, especially that of , has been remembered as benevolent. We are a site preseting content hosted on other sites, and a re therefore not resposible for the movies shown here. Several are located in Punjab, including the , the , the archeological excavations at , and the.
Since the 1990s Punjab hosted several key sites of Pakistan's nuclear program such as. Bhandarkar, 1989, , Asia Educational Services, p. Taxila was a major centre of political control, intellectual discourse and trade between Hellenistic kingdoms and India during the. The shrine of in is one of the most visited shrines in Punjab. Attaining self-sufficiency in agriculture has shifted the focus of the strategies towards small and medium farming, stress on barani areas, farms-to-market roads, electrification for tube-wells and control of water logging and salinity. The temple of , Taxila is usually interpreted as a Zoroastrian fire temple from the period of the Indo-Parthians.
The northwestern part of , including Punjab, was repeatedly invaded or conquered by various foreign empires, including those of , , and. Punjab was part of both classical Western Eurasian empires including the, , , , and empires, as well as North Indian empires such as that of the and. We have no control over the content of these pages. Folk songs and dances of the Punjab reflect a wide range of moods: the rains, sowing and harvesting seasons. Colourful festivals are held at the time of Besakhi when farmers are free to enjoy their leisure time.
They established their sway over Punjab, Malwas and Broach. The province has been strongly influenced by , with numerous shrines spread across Punjab which attract millions of devotees annually. These are the folk tales of , , , , , , and. Within the Four Seas: The Dialogue of East and West.
The Punjab region was gradually due to saints whose dot the landscape of ; one such saint was , an 11th-century Persian mystic from now buried at in Lahore. There was a large during the Mughal epoch of the region mainly as merchants and administrators , with an Armenian Church in Lahore. Includes the city of Islamabad. There are 48 departments in Punjab government. The province is the breadbasket of the country as well as home to the largest ethnic group in Pakistan, the.
However, Alexander had to encounter and reduce the tribes on the border of Punjab before entering the luxuriant plains. After fighting in the later eighteenth century, the Sikhs took control of Punjab and managed to establish the under the ruler , which lasted from 1799 to 1849. Punjab is also a mineral-rich province with extensive mineral deposits of coal, iron, gas, petrol, with the second largest salt mine in the world , , , and silica-sand. Under Kanishka, Gandhara became a holy land of Buddhism and attracted Chinese pilgrims eager to view the monuments associated with many.
The structure of a mosque is simple and it expresses openness. World History: Patterns of Interaction. Punjab is most province with the making up 24% of the province's. Punjab was part of the , more than 4000 years ago. Around 75, one of their tribes, the Kushan Kuṣāṇa , under the leadership of Kujula Kadphises gained control of Gandhara and other parts of what is now Pakistan.