Progress in Natural Sciences, 16: 203-212. ±% 1956 11,837 — 1966 14,063 +18. Formatiunile mesozoice din zona Resita-Moldova Noua, Cluj-Napoca, 214 pp. Editor , Algae and carbonate platforms in western part of Romania. The Middle Jurassic marine formations are also extremely rich in marine invertebrates and drifted floral remains, while the Upper Jurassic and Lower Cretaceous units display basinal and carbonate platform features Bucur, 1997. Wikimedia Commons has media related to.
Anina represents one of the most important localities in the South Carpathians for Jurassic fossils, both plants and animals, as the geological heritage here is particularly diverse and well preserved Popa, 2001, 2005. Editura Academiei Romane, Bucuresti, 90 pp. Geological Quarterly, 53 4 : 461-470. This paleontological heritage was uncovered also by significant mining works, such as underground mines and open cast mines, such works permitting the three-dimensional studies of the continental deposits, a unique opportunity in Europe and in the world, until the unfortunate closing of the last major mine in 2006. The railway preserves many aspects of the original design and, as such, it does not comply with many standards and it needs special, more powerful locomotives and shorter rail coaches to operate. Acta Palaeontologica Romaniae, 2: 387-390.
It is one of the most beautiful railways in Europe due to very picturesque landscapes, viaducts and long tunnels. Anina is a fossile-Lagerstatte for Early Jurassic biota, the Hettangian-Sinemurian terrestrial Steierdorf Formation recording an extremely rich floral association, vertebrate and invertebrate tracks, traces and burrows. Anina occurs between Cheile Nerei-Beusnita National Park and Semenic-Cheile Carasului National Park, and due to its natural and industrial heritage deserves the status of a geopark, a much needed status for such an important geological and historical area. Coal mining activities began in 1792, after the first coal outcrop was discovered by Matthew Hammer.
Acta Palaeontologica Romaniae, 5: 375-378. . The Anina-Oravita railway built in 1863, it is still in use today for touristic purposes. View from Oravița - Anina in 2010 The Early Jurassic Hettangian - Sinemurian flora is represented by Bryophytes Hepaticae , Pteridophytes Filicopsida, Sphenopsida, Lycopsida and Gymnosperms Pteridospermopsida, Ginkgopsida, Cycadopsida, Coniferopsida , with numerous coal generators Givulescu, 1998, Popa and Van Konijnenburg - Van Cittert, 2005.
Flora fosila a Jurasicului inferior de la Anina. Csiki Editor , Mesozoic and Cenozoic vertebrates and paleoenvironments, Bucuresti, pp. Very rare vertebrate tunnels were recently described Popa and Kedzior, 2006 , such burrows being formerly reported only from three occurrences in the world South Africa, Arizona and Argentina , tetrapod tracks such as Batrachopus cf. .
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